Applicants to our Graduate Program must have:

  • completed or be nearing the completion of a Bachelor of Science degree;
  • a B+ average or higher in the last two years of a B.Sc. degree to be considered for our M.Sc. program;
  • an A- average or higher in their M.Sc. or B.Sc. to be considered for our Ph.D. program.

To be considered for direct entry to the Ph.D. program:

  1. Applicants must have completed or are nearing the completion of a Master of Science degree.  Applicants must have distinguished themselves during their M.Sc. to be considered for our Ph.D. program.  
  2. Applicants who have never been enrolled in an M.Sc. program but have an average of A- or higher in all relevant courses from their B.Sc. may be consideration for direct entry into our Ph.D. program. 

Attainment of the minimum admission standards does not guarantee acceptance into our graduate programs.

Competitive applicants will have non-classroom experience in a 'wet' laboratory(i.e., doing experiments at the bench) or 'dry' (i.e. biological investigation in silico) in addition to a background in:

  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Microbiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Bioinformatics 
  • or related fields 

Students with a background in Physics, Chemistry, Math, Computer Science, Engineering or related quantitative sciences are encouraged to apply.  These applicants will have a competitive application if they have a demonstrated interest in biology, which might include having taken undergraduate classes in biology, and/or having experience in a research laboratory as a summer student, undergraduate project student, or volunteer.  If these applicants' demonstrated interest in biology is limited to the classroom, they must also have non-classroom experience in a 'wet' (i.e., doing experiments at the bench) or 'dry' (i.e. investigation in silico)  laboratory or academic setting in their respective field in addition to any classroom instruction.

Applicants with international degrees

The Department of Molecular Genetics will determine international degree equivalencies for all degrees completed outside of Canada upon receipt of applications.  To get an idea of how your degree compares to a Canadian degree, you may want to use the School of Graduate Studies' International Equivalencies Tool. Note that the Department of Molecular Genetics' admission requirements are higher than the minimum requirements set out by the School of Graduate Studies.

Language Requirement

If your primary language is not English and you graduated from a non-Canadian University where the language of instruction and examination was not English, then you must complete an English facility exam. This requirement must be met at the time you submit your application. You may complete any of the following tests:

TOEFL (U of T Institutional code: 0982-00)

  • Paper Based Test & TWE: Overall Score 580, TWE 5
  • Internet-Based Test IBT: Overall Score 93, Writing/Speaking 22

IELTS: 7.0, with at least 6.5 in each component


COPE: 4 (with at least one in each component and 2 in the writing component)

Academic Preparation Course: Final grade of B in Level 60

** Students wishing to apply to the MSc in Genetic Counselling program should see the requirements and instructions here.